Your property might face a numerous number of problems due to the changes in weather and condition of the surrounding soil. If your house is nearby a busy road, the rumble of the passing traffic and vibrations produced below the ground can be one of the causes of disturbances in your house.
So, what exactly are these disturbances? Basically, disturbances are major or minor faults that arise in your home’s foundation and are visible superficially in walls or house as a whole.
In this article, we will talk more about how certain disturbances in your building’s foundation can lead to subsistence and what it is best possible way to deal with it.
Subsidence and Its Causes
Subsidence is the sinking of the house towards the center when the foundation of a house is not able to support the weight of the building. If ignored, it can lead to some of the most potent problems. And so, it is necessary to identify if your house is subsidizing and if it needs proper corrective measures.
There are many causes of subsidence, some of them being:
- Type of soil surrounding the foundation of the house
- Soil shrinkage
- Leaking drains that are passing by the house and washing away the nearby soil with it
- Unstable foundations
- Roots of trees that have penetrated to a larger extent below the house disrupting the foundation
- Excessive and continuous floods
Symptoms and Ways to Fix Subsidence
Subsidence has many signs that can easily be identified and rectified. Have a look at some of the major noticeable signs that you can look for in your house:
- Sinking floors
- Cracks in walls
- Sticking of the doors and the windows
- Leaning of the house towards one side
- Extensions of the house moving far away from the property
If the signs are noticed well in time, these can easily be repaired and fixed either by DIY methods or by calling the professionals Underpinning. Some appropriate measures that you can adopt are:
- Identification of subsidence is necessary to fix the problem early
- As soon as you identify it, talk to your insurance provider. They would recommend the best course of action and direct you towards specialist contractors
- The problem can be fixed through several methods of Underpinning which prevents further movement of the foundations.
One of the major problems in a house that arise due to subsidence is the cracks. Can these be repaired?
Have a look.
Cracked Walls: Reasons and Repair
Cracks on walls arise due to several reasons. One such reason is subsidence as stated above. Cracks are of different types such as:
- Hairline cracks are of 0.1 mm and require no action
- Fine cracks can be covered by simple decorations
- Horizontal cracks including diagonal and stepped that generally arise in brickwork along mortar joints
- Vertical cracks arise in internal walls
Cracks that have a width of more than 5 mm require treatment and should be fixed early so that they may not pose some major threat to the house. The reason for cracks can be any:
- Subsidence: the most common cause of cracks in a house. Such cracks are diagonal and facing downwards.
- Settlement: here cracks arise due to downward movement of property.
- Heave: upwards movement of soil and cracks produced due to this are generally wider at the bottom.
- Thermal movement: here cracks arise due to expansion and contraction of the construction materials.
- Seasonal movements: every season has its own impact on the soil structure and shrinkage, cracks arising due to this may be worrying.
Other common reasons for wall cracks are:
- Contraction and expansion: the paint and the plaster that make up the walls expand and contract due to fluctuations in weather, temperature and the humidity levels
- Low paint quality: poor quality of paint may also lead to developing of cracks with time
- Impatience: sometimes, when a wall is cemented without letting the cement dry on the walls can also lead to the development of cracks at later stages
- Poor painting: painting is a job that has to be done with patience and doing it impenitently can lead to the development of cracks on the walls
Cracks with a width of less than 5mm and that arise due to construction, painting and weathering defects can be easily managed and fixed either by proofing them with a layer of cement and re-painting them. But, if the cracks have a width of more than 5mm and have appeared due to subsidence or settlement of building foundations, in such cases you have to call the contractors and get your house underpinned as soon as possible.
Talk with us to know more.